IB History SL & HL Paper 2 Causes and Effects of 20th-century Wars: The Spanish Civil War
Edition: 1
Number of pages: 59
ISBN: 9781910689417OSC Publishing

This revision guide supports exam preparation for IBDP History Paper 2, focusing on the Spanish Civil War to explore Topic 11: Causes and Effects of 20th-century Wars. Structured to mirror the syllabus, it will help you to understand the essential issues and approaches that examiners will be looking for in your essays.

Coverage includes:

  • The failings in the political system and the social divisions that made war possible
  • Political polarisation in the Republic and the growth of disorder and violence
  • The division of Spain and the course of the Civil War
  • The rise of Franco and the establishment of Nationalist Spain
  • Foreign involvement in the conflict
  • The cost and impact of the war, for Spain and beyond


  • Guidance, tips, and advice from an expert revision teacher
  • Recognises differing historical interpretations of core issues
  • Exam-style questions test understanding and recall, with guidance on potential approaches
  • Key Issues boxes explore the questions that are most important to historians and examiners
  • Key Terms boxes offer succinct definitions of essential technical and historical terms
  • Timelines help visualise and contextualise important events
  • Short biographies introduce key figures on all sides of the conflict


Joe Gauci

Joe read Modern History at Lincoln College, Oxford and has been teaching for 24 years. Joe has taught IB History for the last 16 years at Malvern College, Worcestershire, England where he oversees its academic life as Director of Studies.