IB History SL & HL Paper 2 Causes and Effects of 20th-century Wars: The First World War
Edition: 1
Number of pages: 89
ISBN: 9781910689349OSC Publishing

This revision guide supports exam preparation for IBDP History Paper 2, focusing on the First World War to explore Topic 11: Causes and Effects of 20th-century Wars. Structured to mirror the syllabus, it will help you to understand the essential issues and approaches that examiners will be looking for in your essays.

Coverage includes:

  • The alliances, rivalries, disputes, and crises that led to the war
  • The course of the war on military and home fronts
  • Technology, the nature of warfare, and total war
  • The economic and geopolitical consequences of the conflict

Key features:

  • Guidance, tips, and advice from an expert revision teacher
  • Recognises differing historical interpretations of core issues
  • Exam-style questions test understanding and recall, with guidance on potential approaches
  • Key Issues boxes explore the questions that are most important to historians and examiners
  • Key Terms boxes offer succinct definitions of essential technical and historical terms
  • Timelines help visualise and contextualise important events
  • Short biographies introduce key figures on all sides of the conflict

Here's what author Joe Gauci says about his book...

The guide’s overall structure mirrors the IB History syllabus for 20th-century Wars, making it easy for students to see how the guide can help them prepare to answer questions on each bullet point of the syllabus, using the First World War as a discrete example.

Key Issues boxes are used throughout the text to focus readers on the questions that historians and examiners are interested in exploring for this topic and to help students understand the main points that they can use to address these questions. I have also used Key Terms throughout the guide to ensure that students understand important technical or historical terms relating to the topic.

In a number of places in the guide, I have highlighted differing historical interpretations of key issues. This will help students to develop an understanding of the ‘differing perspectives’, which the IB History Paper 2 and Paper 3 mark schemes refer to as a feature the examiner will expect to see in the higher mark bands.

At the end of the guide, there are two essay questions. By examining these questions, students will be able to test their understanding and recall of the material and, in addition, practise their essay-writing skills. For the first question, I have provided a student’s answer to a question on the First World War, with suggestions for ways in which it can be improved. In the second example, I have included my own essay answering a question on similarities and differences in the effects of the First World War on two countries, with space for students to add their own points and a conclusion.



Joe Gauci read Modern History at Lincoln College, Oxford and has taught History since 1984. He has taught IB History at Malvern College, UK, since 1995, where he oversees its academic life as Deputy Head. He has experience as an examiner and has been teaching revision to students from around the globe since 1996.